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Deep Proof Search in MELL

19 pagesPublished: May 4, 2017


The deep inference presentation of multiplicative exponential linear logic (MELL) benefits from a rich combinatoric analysis with many more proofs in comparison to its sequent calculus presentation. In the deep inference setting, all the sequent calculus proofs are preserved. Moreover, many other proofs become available, and some of these proofs are much shorter. However, proof search in deep inference is subject to a greater nondeterminism, and this nondeterminism constitutes a bottleneck for applications. To this end, we address the problem of reducing nondeterminism in MELL by refining and extending our technique that has been previously applied to multiplicative linear logic and classical logic. We show that, besides the nondeterminism in commutative contexts, the nondeterminism in exponential contexts can be reduced in a proof theoretically clean manner. The method conserves the exponential speed-up in proof construction due to deep inference, exemplified by Statman tautologies. We validate the improvement in accessing the shorter proofs by experiments with our implementations.

Keyphrases: deep inference, linear logic, MELL, nondeterminism, proof search, proof theory

In: Thomas Eiter and David Sands (editors). LPAR-21. 21st International Conference on Logic for Programming, Artificial Intelligence and Reasoning, vol 46, pages 106--124

BibTeX entry
  author    = {Ozan Kahramanogullari},
  title     = {Deep Proof Search in MELL},
  booktitle = {LPAR-21. 21st International Conference on Logic for Programming, Artificial Intelligence and Reasoning},
  editor    = {Thomas Eiter and David Sands},
  series    = {EPiC Series in Computing},
  volume    = {46},
  pages     = {106--124},
  year      = {2017},
  publisher = {EasyChair},
  bibsource = {EasyChair,},
  issn      = {2398-7340},
  url       = {},
  doi       = {10.29007/p1fd}}
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